Truro is comprised of two villages: Truro and North Truro and are now essentially summer vacation communities just south of the northern tip of Cape Cod, in an area known as the "Outer Cape". English settlers named Truro after Truro in Cornwall England after landing in the area around 1690. The first inhabitants of Truro, arrived about 7,000 years before the English. These native Americans were of the Wampanoag tribe who called the area Payomet or Pamet. They spent their summers on the Outer Cape to take advantage of the cooler air and bay breezes much as we do today.
Currently Truro holds a year-round population of about 2,000 residents. In summer it grows exponentially to upwards of 20,000 or more. Truro is very rural, in fact it is the most rural area of the Cape, much of it is protected from development by the National Seashore, conservation trusts and sentiment of the local population. Truro has been very successful in maintaining its pastoral nature earning its designation as "The Cape's Garden of Eden".
Truro is home to many notable artists, writers and entrepreneurs who are able to work from home. Truro has managed to maintain its rural character.